Archive for the ‘Social Control’ Category
Thursday, January 22nd, 2015
On January 20-21 four activists were arrested in Minsk after solidarity
actions with people previously arrested at New Year Punk Party in Minsk.
One person was captured by the police at the prison gates, when people
came to meet their comrades, who were supposed to be released after 10
days of arrest they were sentenced to after the concert. (more…)
Saturday, January 17th, 2015
Tent city in Suruç raided by troops every week
8 January 2015 News, North-Kurdistan, Rojava
Police attacks vigil tents in Ceylanpınar
The 6th tent city opened for refugees from Kobanê in Suruç is being raided once a week by Turkish troops in armoured vehicles. Fidan Kanlıbaş, who works at the camp, said the Turkish authorities were trying to create an atmosphere of fear.
The sixth tent city being established in Suruç for refugees from Kobanê is being obstructed by the authorities. The camp, in the village of Külünçe, consists of 1,200 tents and has a capacity of 8,000, but the Turkish authorities are refusing to give permission for the camp, which has been set up by the Suruç municipality, and want the refugees to go to the state-run AFAD camp. (more…)
Wednesday, January 14th, 2015
Kalamata, southern Peloponnese: According to the reports of the corporate media, on Tuesday 13th January 2015, two men, a 37 year old Albanian, and a 54 year old Greek national were arrested in an armed car stop by the anti-terrorist police. The 37 year old Albanian is accused of renting the Anavyssos house that comrade Christodoulos Xiros was arrested near, and where a number of Kalashnikovs, pistols, explosives, documents and a rocket launcher were found. The Greek national is a retired former member of EKAM, the Greek anti-terrorist unit. According to the arrest warrant, the men are suspected of belonging to a terrorist group; committing acts of terror; building, procuring and possessing explosives and possessing illegal firearms. The two men went before the public prosecutor the next day and denied the charges.
International solidarity to Christodoulos Xiros, and all detained and wanted for the CCF escape case
Monday, January 12th, 2015
On January 10, 2015, in the club “Pirates” there was supposed to be a concert of several punk bands including Italian “Kalashnikov”.
However, on information received from witnesses, this never happened. Approximately during the middle of the set of the first band, the club was surrounded by police cars and “branded” vans of Riot police without numbers. Front doors were locked, people were banned to leave the building. After that riot police in masks broke into the building. Without explanations they put everyone face to the walls with hands behind the head. This was followed by ID check and control of personal belongings. The whole procedure took around one hour and a half with constant video recording from police. Distro with anarchist and other political literature was of particular interest for them – they were searching for owners of items without any success. However they confiscated all the items from distro including political books, musical CDs and Vinyls. The whole raided as abruptly as it had begun: after checking everyone they left the place without any explanations.
3 detainees reported after this. The concert just ended before it could even begin. Apparently the preparation for the elections of the President of the Republic of Belarus has already begun.
Update on yesterday’s raid on the concert:
3 people were detained who were selling items at the distro table. Initially, all of them were charged with distribution of extremist materials, later one of the detainees was released, but on Monday there will be court on minor Hooliganism. The trial of two other detainees will also be held on Monday in Minsk. Pre-court will be held at 11:00. Till the trial 2 people will stay in jail.
On January 12 in Minsk court have ruled on three cases of people detained on Saturday at New Year Punk Show. All the three people were charged with minor hooliganism, two of them were additionally charged with distribution of extremist materials. During the court the Judge have found violations in protocols on distribution of extremist materials so the documents were send back to police to fix the violations.
The Hearing started with Judge forbidding friends and comrades to enter the court room. However several people managed to go through and observe the process. All the detainees were accused of swearing at the moment of riot police entrance to the club. They all accepted the charges. The result was not so optimistic: the girl got around 100 euro fine, two guys were sentenced to 10 days in prison. It is still unclear when the hearing on distribution of extremist materials will be held.
One of the detainees reported that he was beaten up in police station.
Monday, January 5th, 2015
Breaking news from mainstream media slime reports that Christodoulos Xiros, escaped member of the Revolutionary Organisation – 17 November, has been captured by police on 3rd Jan after a stake-out of a safehouse in Anavyssos, near Athens.
The safehouse was found to contain numerous weapons: Kalashnikovs, pistols, RPG launcher with three warheads, many kilos of explosives, etc. The pigs also stated that inside the safe house there was extensive notes detailing a plan to assault Korydallos prison in Athens and free imprisoned comrades there.
Xiros was serving six life terms, plus 25 years, for his role in R.O – 17 November, which eliminated 23 targets, including Greek politicians, businessmen and British, American and Turkish intelligence and military officials, from 1975 to 2000. The group was one of the longest running and successful anti-capitalist groups in history.
Xiros is now charged with creating and being in charge of an unknown terrorist organization and with aggravated possession of weapons. Charges also included forgery, violation of detention rules, illegal firearm possession. The prosecutors also pressed charges of ‘harboring a criminal’ against three unknown individuals who appear to have rented the house to comrade Xiros.
Now, the pigs and their political masters have begun an anti-terror hysteria with the aid of the media, prior to the elections which will take place at the end of the month, at the same time that many imprisoned comrades are being transferred to the Greek ‘Stammheim‘, the Type C prison in Domokos, where they are attempting to annihilate the imprisoned urban guerrillas. The pigs are searching for other comrades who may have been working with Xiros and have released the image of a fake-ID card of a woman they are searching for in connection with the case. The pigs are also trying to collect DNA and fingerprint evidence from the safehouse in the hope it will lead them to other comrades in struggle.
Comrade Xiros was forced to appear before the public prosecutor earlier today. “I don’t talk to the detectives of the Troika*” said Xiros, while leaving the police headquarters of Athens to appear before the prosecutor. The comrade also said that the weapons found in the house had been secured by him and he is willing to take responsibility for them.
Xiros remained unrepentant and refused to co-operate, declaring to the prosecutor:
“Our country is under foreign occupation by the Troika and [German PM Angela] Merkel and I think it is my duty to resist. Those mechanisms supporting the occupation forces and their local collaborators, have no authority to ask me anything. Instead, as part of the mechanism, you are the ones who should apologize to the people and history.”
“There is no cooperation with the mechanisms that serve the occupation and government. The Revolution will continue despite the setback I face because it is a social need.” C. Xiros
INTERNATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY SOLIDARITY
* [International Monetary Fund - European Central Bank - European Commission]
Wednesday, December 31st, 2014
The journalist is always the best friend of those in power and of the cops. S/he is the one who smooths the path for them, who conceals their violence, always ready to justify it, who publicizes their misdeeds and applauds them or who criticizes them so that next time they can strike better.
It is thanks to journalists that we have become so weak, frightened and divided as to not be able to react to the daily repression and the suffocating control of our existence. The television news is defining everyone who rebels – against the war, against exploitation, against increasingly precarious and vile living conditions – a terrorist, an individual dangerous for all. It is from the pages of newspapers that the rage of the exploited is thrust into the treacherous arms of the parties and unions, that have managed our exploitation up until yesterday, and today would like to manage our protest.
Journalists are the enemies of anyone who is exploited and no longer wants to be so, of anyone who is a slave and wants to free themselves, of anyone who is without strength and wants to take a breath.
Of the rhetoric about “freedom of information”, of the myth of the free and independent reporter that exposes the powerful with his pen and denounces their misdeeds, nothing is left but empty words. The journalist is simply a functionary, the central gear around which the information machine turns. Their close collaboration with the police headquarters, their inevitable dependence on all the groups in power, in fact, sets them against all those who are not in power. Even if one were to open some space for truth in a newspaper, one would drown in the sea of banality and lies that it contains. Absurdity of absurdities, it would be like trying to express some rebellious thought on call-in radio. (more…)
Wednesday, December 31st, 2014
Our hostility toward journalists – their words, their images – needs some more clarification. As we explain in the following notes, the point is not the greater or lesser honesty of the individual journalist or photographer, but rather the role of the media apparatus itself. That mass media has the pretension of being the total representation of reality is made obvious by this simple fact: for it, anyone who refuses to speak with journalists, “doesn’t want to communicate with anyone”. As if it was impossible to communicate in a direct manner, without the filter of the press and television. It is the same attitude that the political authorities have: anyone who refuses any relationship with them, so they tell us, refuses dialogue with everyone. And yet, despite the great steps forward in social domestication, the world is not just populated by authorities, cops and journalists. In fact, it is actually beyond and against their power that real dialogue begins.
The mass media is an integral part of the ruling order. As such, it forces participation, excludes, recuperates and represses at the same time. (more…)
Wednesday, December 31st, 2014
We receive and transmit this poster.
Chiara, Claudio, Niccolò and Mattia under house arrest; Lucio transferred to Ferrara’s high-security wing (Italy)
Saturday, December 27th, 2014
A week after being sentenced, Chiara, Claudio, Niccolò and Mattia were placed under house arrest, with all restrictions. Thus, they are now released from prison, but banned from meeting with anyone who is not habitually residing in the same house.
On December 22nd, Lucio – like Francesco and Graziano – was transferred to the AS2 section of Ferrara prison. For those who want to write to them, here’s their new address:
c/o C.C. via dell’Arginone, 327 – 44100 Ferrara (Italy)
Wednesday, December 24th, 2014
Text written a week ago about Pandora’s police operation in Spain
The morning of Tuesday the 16th of December has surprised us with a wave
of house raids and arrests. Surprised us? We are not going to lie. Let’s
start again. The morning of the 16th of December has NOT surprised us. The
autonomous Catalan police, the Mossos d’Esquadra, and the Guardia Civil
and judiciary powers of the Audiencia Nacional stormed more than ten
houses and a few anarchist spaces in Barcelona, Sabadell, Manresa and
Madrid, with house raids, arrests, confiscation of propaganda material and
information, to also use the occasion to enter and plunder, with the
entire riot police team of the Mossos d’Esquadra, Kasa de la Muntanya, a
squatted place that has existed for 25 years.
According to the media, which as usual are proving their role as police
spokespersons, the goal of these arrests is to break up “a criminal
organisation with terrorist goals and a violent anarchist character”.
Although it seems easy to repeat an often used phrase, we will do it
anyway: the only criminal organisation that terrorises people with its
violent character is the State and its tentacles: the media, the juridical
apparatus, its repressive bodies and its politicians, whatever spectre
they belong to. (more…)
Sunday, December 21st, 2014
(Translated by Sin Banderas Ni Fronteras from Contrainfo, edited by 325)
If I could choose a different life, I would not change it for anything.
I perfectly remember the feeling that invaded me when I began to
question authority, I remember the many contradictions and questions. In
this discovery of ideas I found many people that made material practices
of the ideas in their libraries, publications, ateneos, etc… in their
everyday life … to live ideas here and now. It did not take long for me
to think that I would like to do the same.
I remember the anguish I felt when I heard that there were comrades
imprisoned for putting into practice the ideas of freedom ideas; brothers
of ideas in all corners of the world in the jaws of the panoptic beast. That
distressed feeling never changed, but it is accompanied by the gesture
We are many, the anarchists on the other side of the great wall, on
Tuesday December 16 this list became more extensive.
Tentacles of power dropped into anarchists spaces, libertarían ateneos,
squatted house and homes of several anarchists of Catalonia and Madrid.
Hunting and capturing eleven comrades, of these, seven were imprisoned,
accused of belonging to an armed group of terrorist nature. It is not a
coincidence that the detainees are part of my immediate environment, indeed,
more than half of them frequently visit me in jail. The judicial-police
mallet has punished solidarity.
I can not keep silent before such misery, the state´s repressive revenge
borders on delirium. The media (spokesmen for the rulers) talk about bosses
and subordinates, I stress to them and anyone who has any doubt, we are
anti-authoritarian, no one is above me, nor am I above anyone!
Spaces attacked in Catalunya were not arbitrary, firstly, Kasa de la
Muntanya is an important squatting symbol, with its 25 years away from
the capitalist logic which have made its contribution to many generations
of dissidents to this system of terror. The Libertarian Ateneos and
anarchist spaces that were hit have never hidden their ideals,
providing a fertile ground for sowing the seeds of freedom.
The costs in this struggle for the recovery of our lives is very high,
nobody said it would be easy, but undoubtedly if I could choose a
different life, I would not change it for anything. In this fight
against domination there are no cages or walls to silence our voices,
but without you, comrades, it will only become echoes.
If you, recently jailed loved comrades, can read these words, I tell you
that I am certain you will remain incorruptible and rise to the occasion
as you have always done.
I remember every time I read or heard that solidarity is a necessary
weapon for anarchists. Today I hope that those memories come true…
… to turn our ideas into action.
Brieva Prison, December 2014.
Propaganda por la solidaridad internacional antiautoritaria con lxs compas arrestadxs en España ($hile)
Sunday, December 21st, 2014
PDF : Solidaridad.pdf
SOLIDARIDAD INSURRECTA CON LXS ANARKISTAS ARRESTADXS EN ESPAÑA
¡¡¡ NINGUNA AGRESIÓN SIN RESPUESTA!!!
Ante la nueva operación represiva que el 16 de diciembre dejó a una
decena de espacios anarquistas invadidos por la policía y 7 compañerxs
anarquistas prisionerxs en el Estado español acusadxs de terrorismo,
nuestra respuesta no puede ser otra más que la multiforme solidaridad
anárquica internacional en ofensiva permanente contra todas las
expresiones del dominio.
Que nuestrxs compañerxs sientan el calor de la solidaridad y nuestro
enemigo arda en el fuego de la lucha antiautoritaria por la libertad.
NI CULPABLES NI INOCENTES,
SIMPLEMENTE ENEMIGOS DEL PODER Y DE TODA AUTORIDAD.
¡¡¡MÓNICA CABALLERO, FRANCISCO SOLAR, GABRIEL
POMBO DA SILVA Y TODXS LXS COMPAÑERXS PRESXS EN ESPAÑA Y EL MUNDO, A LA
Sin Banderas Ni Fronteras
Friday, December 19th, 2014
From ABC Hurricane:
Bank account number in solidarity with comrades arrested in Operation Pandora in Madrid and Barcelona-
ES68 3025 0001 19 1433523907 (Caixa d’Enginyers)
For more info: solidaridadylucha(a)riseup.net
At least 15 people were arrested during raids in Spain on December 17th for being part of an “anarchist terror organization” in what the Spanish government is calling #OperacionPandora.
At quarter past five, an operation consisting of Mossos d’Esquadra mobilized to carry out an operation against the Libertario movement. So far, the Mossos have raided the Kasa de la Montanya, the Libertarian Ateneo de Sant Andreu, the Anarchist Ateneo de Poble Sec and several private homes.
On orders from the Spanish National Court, in an operation ordered by Judge Javier Gómez Bermúdez, the agents have raided the Kasa de la Muntanya, a squat which this year celebrates twenty five years of occupation. They busted the main entrance of the house to gain access while a police helicopter with spotlights hovered over the building. The twenty inhabitants of the house had to retreat into the gym whilst the police forced entry into the building. At the time of the police raid, the building had two children aged five and six years. The Mossos separated one of the kids from his father on the ground floor.
The police confiscated all mobile phones, laptops and computer devices that were found on the premises. Agents seized all types of documentation, while numerous electric home workshop tools were also confiscated in order to help the police construct their narrative.
About fifty people installed a roadblock on Travessera de Dalt, in a spontaneous act of solidarity with the Kasa de la Muntanya, until riot police dispersed them a few minutes after eight o’clock. Subsequently the solidarity group moved to the Plaza Lesseps and called for more protests.
From the outside of the house located in the neighborhood of Gràcia district Salut, witnesses heard several firecrackers and said they could see in lights of several flashlights inside the building. The police operation is made up of agents from the Information Division of the Mossos d’Esquadra, accompanied by a large number of members of the Mobile Brigade which, among other tasks, formed a perimeter around the whole area and denied any access to the home.
Write to the comrades:
-Beatriz Isabel Velazquez Dávila
-Lisa Sandra Dorfer
C. P. Madrid VII – Estremera
-Alba Gracia Martínez
-Noemí Cuadrado Carvajal
-Anna Hernandez del Blanco
C. P. Madrid V – Soto del Real
Carretera M-609, Km 3,5
28791 Soto del Real
Enrique Balaguer Pérez
C. P. Madrid VI – Aranjuez
Ctra. Nacional 400, Km. 28
David Juan Fernández
C. P. Madrid III – Valdemoro
Ctra. Pinto-San Martín de la Vega, km. 4,5
¡¡¡SOLIDARIDAD INTERNACIONALISTA E INSURRECTA CON LXS COMPAÑERXS EN PRISIÓN.!!!
Sunday, December 14th, 2014
Por medio de la presente les informo que para el martes 16 de diciembre de
2014 a las 2pm la Sala Penal del TSJ acordó la audiencia pública en el caso
de solicitud de extradición del revolucionario alemán Bernhard Heidbreder.
Through this I inform you that on Tuesday 16 December 2014 at 2pm the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court agreed to a public hearing in the case request for the extradition of the German revolutionary Bernhard Heidbreder.
Para los que no recuerden el caso, Heidbreder es un anti-imperialista y
anti-fascista alemán que está acusado por la fiscalía alemana de participar
en el KOMITEE y de intentar derrumbar una prisión que estaba en
construcción para inmigrantes kurdos.
For those who do not remember the case, Heidbreder is an anti-imperialist,
German anti-fascist who is accused by German prosecutors of participating
KOMITEE and in attempting to destroy a prison which was in construction for
Agradecemos de antemano toda la solidaridad que puedan brindar.
Santiago: Atentado explosivo contra sede de carceleros habría culminado con un indigente muerto ($hile)
Friday, December 12th, 2014
English translation via actforfree.
[Noticias de la guerra social]
Durante la madrugada del 25 de Septiembre del 2014, una explosión remece
el barrio Yungay en pleno casco histórico de Santiago. La explosión, le
causa graves heridas y quemaduras a Sergio Landskron de 29 años de edad,
quien tras en un primer momento es acusado de haber instalado el
artefacto explosivo siendo dejado morir por la policía y fotografiado
agonizando por parte del personal medico.
Antes de morir y aun agonizando, la policía prohibió que los vecinos
intentaran socorrerlo, mientras que fascinados por tener a un “supuesto
anarquista” en su poder decidieron realizarse una “autopsia en vida”
extendiendo y profundizando su agonía.
Con el pasar de los días se descubrió que Sergio Landskron, era un
adicto a la droga e indigente del sector que simplemente había recogido
y trasladado el bolso por cerca de 10 minutos desde el lugar en que lo
habría encontrado. (more…)
Thursday, December 11th, 2014
A few days fulfilled a year to the arrest of Fernando Barcenas Castillo after a march against the rising of the price of metro tickets, where the Christmas tree owned by the Coca-Cola multinational was burned. Today the sentence was dictated to the comrade- 5 years, 9 months for the crime of attacks against the public peace, so he misses bail.
At a time when the Mexican government is intensifying its repressive methods, certainly the sentence to Fernando is looking to send a message to inhibit the growing signs of discontent. That is why it is important to continue fighting for the freedom of our imprisoned comrades, do not let them go into oblivion.
Continue demonstrating that solidarity is more than a written word.
Freedom to Fernando Barcenas !
Solidarity with Carlos, Amelie and Fallon !
Freedom to Abraham and Luis Fernando !
Down the prison walls !
Anarchist Black Cross Mexico
Taglia e mandato di cattura per un compagno anarchico – Reward and arrest warrant for anarchist comrade (UK)
Saturday, December 6th, 2014
REPRESSIONE IN UK
3 dicembre 2014-Dai mass-media britannici si legge del mandato di cattura, con taglia di 10.000 sterline per chiunque offra informazioni su di un compagno anarchico, già libero/latitante da 3 anni in seguito alla repressione seguita all’esplosione di guerriglia urbana del 2011 a Bristol ed ad una serie di attacchi, anonimi e firmati ELF, FAI.
I media fanno riferimento a più di cento attacchi avvenuti nel Regno Unito negli ultimi negli ultimi tre anni che hanno prodotto più di 20 milioni di sterline di danni,a vari obiettivi tra cui tralicci per le telecomunicazioni, banche, auto di lusso ed un centro di addestramento della polizia integralmente distrutto durante un attacco, tra cui l’ultimo in solidarietà a Nikos Romanos avvenuto pochi giorni fa.
Il compagno ricercato, Huw Norfolk, è accusato di alcuni di questi attacchi.
Di seguito un suo scritto dalla latitanza, tratto da Since the Bristol Riots
Noi siamo i “ragazzi perduti”, arrabbiati e disillusi da false promesse, la “gioventù incontrollabile” nsoddisfatta del misero futuro che ci viene offerto, i “componenti inutili” che rifiutano o sono in ogni caso esclusi dalla schiavitù salariata o gli “elementi di rottura” che combattono per distruggerla dall’interno, la “minoranza di guastatori” degli schemi della normalità obbediente-gerarchica-razzista-patriarcale, “gli incappucciati” in rivolta costante contro tutto questo ed oltre. Siamo i vostri figli, e quelli della vostra società.
Ed oggi è venuto il tempo per i componenti di quella società di decidere se saranno la mano che cerca di fermarci,o la mano che accende la propria cospirazione per l’auto-determinazione.
Huw ‘Badger’ Norfolk
Solo un’ altro in fuga.
REPRESSION IN UK
December 3, 2014 – According to the British mass-media, there is an arrest warrant, with a size of £10,000 to anyone offering information about an anarchist comrade, already free / fugitive for three years following the repression that followed the explosion of urban warfare 2011 in Bristol and a series of attacks, anonymous and signed ELF, FAI.
The media refer to more than one hundred attacks that occurred in the UK in the last three years, that have produced more than £20 million of damage, at various targets including pylons for telecommunications, banks, luxury cars and a center of police training completely destroyed during an attack, including the latest in solidarity with Nikos Romanos, which occurred a few days ago.
The comrade sought, Huw Norfolk, is accused of some of these attacks.
The following pamphlet was written by persons unknown: Since the Bristol Riots
“We are the “lost kids” angry and disappointed by false promises, the “uncontrollable youth” unsatisfied with the paltry futures offered to us, the “useless components” who reject or are excluded anyway from wage-slavery or the “disruptive elements” who fight to destroy it from within, the “minority of trouble-makers” within the constructs of obedient-hierarchical-racist-patriarchal normality, the “hooded rioters” within the constant revolt against all that and more. We are your children, and those of your society. And it is time today for the components of that society to decide if they will be the hand trying to stop us, or the hand lighting their own conspiracy for self-determination.”
Huw ‘Badger’ Norfolk
just another fugitive.
More from ABC Bristol:
Tags: ABC Bristol, Bristol, Croce Nera Anarchica - Italia, Earth Liberation Front, Fuck the Law, Fuck the Mainstream Media, Fuck the Police, Huw 'Badger' Norfolk, Informal Anarchist Federation (FAI), Nikos Romanos, Repression, UK
Posted in Social Control
Friday, November 28th, 2014
Georges Abdallah: Nein, meine Herren, Ihr Gericht ist alles andere als unpolitisch (1)
13. November 2014
Am 5.November hat eine Instanz der französischen Justiz den Antrag von Georges Abdallah auf Freilassung für unzulässig erklärt.
Georges Abdallah ist seit über 30 Jahren in Frankreich im Knast. 1984 wurde der arabische Revolutionär in Lyon verhaftet und seitdem ist er in den Händen französischer Kerkermeister. Über 30 Jahre Knast und seine Anträge auf Freilassung auf juristischem Weg sind unzulässig! (more…)
Thursday, November 27th, 2014
325 receives and transmits from North Carolina:
On Tuesday night November 25th, a group of people enraged by the police murder of
Mike-Mike Brown, and inspired by the rebellious acts that have spread across the
country, vandalized the Durham National Guard Armory on Stadium Dr. Messages were
painted on the front doors and over a dozen windows were smashed out.
The National Guard is now on the streets of St. Louis and Ferguson, continuing the
racist cops’ war on behalf of the rich against the poor.
This act followed an exciting night of protest in downtown Durham, in which a
diverse hundreds of people spoke out about their experiences at the hands of the
police, blocked streets, set off fireworks, spray-painted buildings with anti-police
and anti-prison messages, and blocked the northbound side of Highway 147.
We hope all of these acts contribute to a continued escalation in local, combative
struggle against racism, capitalism, and the state.
Reflections on the advance of repression in Chile and solidarity with Juan, Nataly and Guillermo ($hile)
Thursday, October 30th, 2014
325 receives and transmits this translation from Sin Banderas Ni Fronteras:
Action and solidarity are urgent. All the rest are excuses.
1. And there we go again. Because the war continues.
After an accumulative cycle of street agitation, mass mobilisations and expansion of social conflicts in Chile, power has tried to generate mechanisms favouring the continuity and the reinforcement of the model of democratic domination.
The government on duty has used various tactics allowing to
progressively nullify the discontent so as to avoid the cracks in the questioned social order to spread or become deeper. The mass mobilisations which questioned the economic and social model produced in dictatorship were answered by proposals of social reform recuperating the slogans of the protest movements, including them as part of the solutions configured from out of the State. The critiques against the “political elite” were answered by “opening up” the parliamentary rooms for social and student leaders. The critiques against the “old politics behind closed doors” were answered by organizing round tables of dialogue with citizens’ organisations as to co-opt the demands and strengthen the democratic and participatory image of the State. These things were implemented together with other measures trying to broaden social consensus, weaken the questioning of the dominant order and secure a new cycle of the country’s governability. (more…)