325

Posts Tagged ‘Sabotage’

Istanbul, Turkey: Revenge Units Arson Attacks Against Factories Supplying the Turkish Military

Thursday, January 16th, 2020

13.01.2020: The Şehit Sorxwin Roboskî and the Şehit Soro Amed Revenge Units carried out actions against factories in Başakşehir, Istanbul that supply clothing and equipment to the Turkish military. The Revenge Units issued a written statement explaining their actions that took place on January 11th, 2020:

“On January 11th, our members organized an action against a factory that makes military clothing for the occupying Turkish army. The factory is located in the PİK Dökümcüler Industrial Estate in the Başakşehir district of Istanbul. 8 minibuses owned by the factory were destroyed as a result of this action. At the same time as this action was carried out, members of our unit also sabotaged a factory on another block located in the same industrial estate. This factory manufactures equipment for military vehicles belonging to the occupying Turkish army. (more…)

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Toronto: Explorations in rail disruption in solidarity with the Wet’suwet’en (Kanada)

Thursday, January 16th, 2020

Anonymous submission to North Shore Counter-Info:

This weekend in Toronto, inspired by the actions of Wet’suwet’en land defenders and a recent callout for rail disruptions, some anarchists took to the rails to add our contribution to the building momentum of demonstrations, blockades, and acts of sabotage taking place across Turtle Island.

We debated writing this because, due to a lack of experience and the location we picked, we really couldn’t be sure that our attempt at sabotage succeeded. Ultimately, we wanted to share our message of solidarity and commitment to this struggle, and our own reflections and knowledge gained in this first attempt.

Previous posts on this site [1, 2] provide a great starting point for the how-to’s of this kind of mission. We picked a site in proximity to a rail junction and used copper wire to mimic a train on the tracks, (hopefully!) halting any rail traffic until the disruption was cleared away. Since we didn’t have any jumper cables, which provide a more dependable connection, we quickly scrubbed our connection points with steel wool to make sure there was no rust impeding the connection. (more…)

Tags: , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

January 17th Day of Action to Stop Line 3 – Tar Sands Anti-Pipeline Struggle (U$A)

Tuesday, January 14th, 2020

From the headwaters of the Mississippi River, a call reverberates across Turtle Island: Stop Line 3!

The Dakota and Anishinaabeg people have lived, died, and cared for the waters in what’s now “Minnesota” since long before the founding of the United States. Enbridge Inc. proposes to place a tar sands pipeline across the lands and waters of indigenous people in northern Minnesota—a project called ‘Line 3’. This pipeline proposes to cross 211 waterbodies, some of the richest wild rice beds in the world, and violate the treaty rights of Anishinaabeg negotiated in 1837, 1854, and 1855. The Minnesota segment of Line 3 is the final holdout of a pipeline planned to send 1M barrels per day of oil sands from Alberta to the western edge of Lake Superior. Line 3 represents a 10% increase in tar sands production.

As the state of Minnesota weighs the final water crossing permits needed to build Line 3, we invite you to join us for a day of joyful, exuberant, and playful public engagement with the possibilities for life without oil. Indigenous, settler, migrant—we all agree: a world of extraction is not the world we want!

When we take action to support the Dakota and Anishinaabeg preserve their homelands and culture, together we open possibilities for reinventing our lives beyond colonialism and capitalism. You don’t have to be part of an organization, a government, or some other structured system to want something else. We want ethical ways of relating to each other and to the earth. This is the only home we have. From January 17th – January 19th we call all beings who want something different to gather and display this desire using the hashtag #StopLine3. From banner drops to rallies to roving street parties to demonstrations to teach-ins, anything that helps spread our joy and defiance is welcome.

The possibilities for another world exist now.

Call in Español and Fraçais on the website below.

Website: https://lifewithoutline3.home.blog/

Instagram: @WaterIsLifeJ17

List of possible targets: https://lifewithoutline3.home.blog/locations/

Tags: , , , , , , ,
Posted in Eco Struggle

Hamilton: Simultaneous Rail Sabotage at Bottlenecks in Solidarity with Wet’suwet’en Land Defenders (Kanada)

Sunday, January 12th, 2020

Anonymous submission to North Shore. Callout for rail disruption is here.

A decade ago, in a move that has inspired many, Wet’suwet’en people reoccupied their unceded territories as a way to begun healing and ensuring the land is protected in the ways she needs to sustain Wet’suwet’en people’s lives, practices, and continued existence in their traditional territories.

A year ago, the RCMP violently invaded those territories to provide access for industry.

One week ago, the Canadian State criminalized Anuk’ nu’at’en – Wet’suwet’en hereditary law – by granting an injunction which criminalizes Indigenous people and their allies should they protect the Yintah from the destructive forces of industry.

We honour these anniversaries with a giant fuck you to the State.

Early this morning, settlers responded to calls of action coming from multiple Wet’suwet’en house groups after they bravely evicted industry from their unceded territories, as well as a call to action for settlers by settlers.

As one small way of pushing back against the colonial violence being enacted by our government we simultaneously disrupted three natural CN and CP railway bottlenecks at strategic locations with the intention and impact of shutting down all rail traffic going in and out of so-called Hamilton. We did this by using copper wires and jumper cables attached to fishplate wires as a way to interfere with the block circuits – see a video here (opens with TOR). The method is safe, easy, relatively low risk, and widely replicable.

CN rail has been and will continue to ship out pipe to storage yards in preparation of construction and have vast, isolated stretches of infrastructure. The first installations of rail had deep, lasting impacts on the colonization of Turtle Island and targeting it today directly effects so-called canada’s economy.

While these actions will only serve as a temporary disruption, we hope it sends a strong message: Respecting Indigenous sovereignty – anywhere on Turtle Island – is not optional. We will not be passive.

We hope others throughout Turtle Island – especially settlers – will join us in ensuring this is only the beginning, and make the Coastal GasLink pipeline untenable to both industry and the state in every way they can.

Tags: , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

NOS – Adjudicación de ataque contra la Policía Militar de São Paulo, Brasil / Responsibility claim for an attack against Military Police of São Paulo by NOS (Cells of Opposition to the System)

Sunday, January 12th, 2020

A todxs

Asumimos la autoria de la bomba en el cuartel de la 2ª Compañía del 45º Batallón de la brutal Policía Militar del Estado de São Paulo – PMESP en la calle General Carneiro, la noche del 18-12-2019, en el centro de la ciudad de São Paulo, cercano del Pateo do Collegio (el sitio de fundación de la ciudad), una instalación navideña del banco Santander y un puesto de la también brutal Guardia Civil Metropolitana – GCM a la que también queríamos atacar. Utilizamos una bomba de ruido hecha de una pequeña botella de refresco conteniendo 11 trozos de vidrio puntiagudos para dañar a los policías cercanos.

Fue una represalia por la masacre de Paraisópolis, planificada y fríamente ejecutada el 12-12-2019 por la PMESP y su jefe João Doria, el gobernador fascista de São Paulo, como parte de la guerra contra lxs negrxs y lxs pobres promovida por el estado brasileño. En lugar de enfrentarse a narcotraficantes armados y violentos que les pagan sobornos, la PMESP asesinó a 9 jóvenes indefensxs en una fiesta callejera bajo la aprobación de la extrema derecha. Sus representantes en la política burguesa, como los diputados fascistas Capitán Conte Lopes y Sargento Fahur, diputados provincial y federal de los estados de Sao Paulo y Paraná, respectivamente, celebraron la masacre y dijeron que habrá otros. Doria prometió en 12-2018 que bajo su mando la policía “mataría” y cumplió. (more…)

Tags: , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

UK: Sabotage, Subvertising and Solidarity in Bristol

Tuesday, January 7th, 2020

ES: Reino Unido: Acciones Solidarias en Bristol
FR: Bristol (UK) : Sabotage, subversion et solidarité

Many who were driving home for Christmas (or on their relentless commute for the 9-5) will have been dazzled by the 2 huge LED adverts that light up the motorway (and the night sky beyond) in Bristol. Bored of the false dreams and fairy lights, we damaged the billboards by attacking the main mechanisms in the back of the glittery display. We also smashed a computer console that is part of the spectacle.

Lots of people decorated with tinsel and trees… but we redecorated another billboard, this time by BT (British Telecom). Their new campaign reads “Open for Business: Not Attack”. We said: “Open to attack on all shit businesses! Anarchy!”.

While the country distracts itself with thoughts of a ‘Happy New Year’, and zombies wander the streets addicted to their smart phones… we prefer a more direct way to communicate. The Christmas period just means more isolation and time locked in cells for most prisoners.. Even when people are unlocked, they have to pay way more than the normal rate to make phone calls. BT make a huge profit from their prison contract and have the monopoly on all phones in UK prisons.

This action is a small nod to all those inside during this time of year… especially Kevan Thakrar and the Park Bench 3.

Fire to the prisons!

Tags: , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Thessaloniki, Greece: Turkish Diplomatic Vehicle Torched by Revolutionary Solidarity Commando Haukur Hilmarsson

Monday, December 30th, 2019

The genocide in Syrian territory since the invasion of the fascist Turkish state, with the agreement and complicity of the international community, continues. Day by day hundreds of civilians find themselves on the agonizing receiving end of the bombings and attacks carried out Erdogan’s fascist army and ISIS’s reemerging Islamist terrorism. For 2.5 months the revolutionary forces of rebel militias intensify defensive confrontation with every means against the imperialist international monopolies, which attempt to occupy the Syrian territories, displacing thousands of civilians with their military operations.

The NATO summit in London at the beginning of December ended with a pervasive sense of unity and an exchange of guarantees between the member states, despite superficial disagreements over the fascist Turkish state’s invasion of Syria. The constant arrests and interrogations of militants in various states on suspicion of supporting the Kurdish rebels are proof of this. The latest anti-terrorist operation in the UK against the family environment of a YPG volunteer has led to his father being arrested on charges of supporting a terrorist organization.

The fascist Turkish state builds rivalry in the areas of security and energy in the eastern Mediterranean as it chooses to seal the alliance with Libya on the same day as the slaughterer of the Palestinians, Netanyahu is in Athens for the trilateral agreement between Greece, Cyprus and Israel for the EastMed pipeline. They also called for NATO’s support, demanding that alliance members officially declare the YPG and the YPJ as terrorist organizations. A prime example is Erdogan’s message to the Greek government amid transnational shocks and destabilization in relations between the two states on the basis of the disputed agreement with Libya: power relations and instability can change for the benefit of the Greek state with the precondition that the YPG/YPJ and DHKP-C Kurdish and Turkish fighters are extradited as terrorists. (more…)

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Kiev: FAI Cell “Misha Zhlobitsky” take responsibility for cell tower arson – Black December (Ukraine)

Sunday, December 29th, 2019

From A2day:

Anarchist sites report that in recent months in Donetsk and Kiev region base stations (aka towers) of mobile operators were attacked 4 times. Behind the attacks are mostly anarchists.

The first attack was to blow up the base station of the Phoenix operator. Then it was reported that two Lifecell towers were set on fire. December 10, 2019 it was reported about the arson of the mobile base station “Vodafone Ukraine”.

For example, when attacking the Lifecell communication towers, anarchists claimed that the main reason for the attack was solidarity with the Democratic Federation of North and East Syria (Rojava), the struggle of the Kurdish people for liberation from the Turkish occupation.

Wishing to give intensity to these attacks, we, a cell of the Informal Anarchist Federation, set fire to another cell communication base station in Kiev. Unlike the aforementioned attacks, our motives and view of the targets under attack are different. We suggest taking a broader look at the topic of communication towers.

Mobile operators are eager to capture as many subscribers as possible. This is a fact. There are three main operators in Ukraine: “Kyivstar”, “Vodafone Ukraine”, Lifecell. These companies do anything to place their mobile antennas everywhere, to get more money and control. They do not care what we think about it. But the most important thing is that the operators cooperate perfectly with the police, leaking them all the data of their subscribers. Each mobile operator receives more than 20,000 court orders annually for temporary access to things and documents.
(more…)

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Anarchists Claim Responsibility for 4 Incendiary Attacks in Athens (Greece)

Thursday, December 26th, 2019

Anarchists claimed responsibility for incendiary attacks on a parking lot for luxury yachts, a security company vehicle, a café owned by a New Democracy politician, and the home of a police reporter.

The following is their statement:

Our lives are flooded with the ultimatums and the dictates of their state, capital and their culture.

In the workplaces, we need to sell our labor power to survive, the bosses’ ultimatums are the voice of capitalist development at all costs. The voice of neoliberal expansionism, the voice of the murderous intentions of the employer who cripples our bodies with intensified timetables, the abolition of Sunday holidays, uninsured labor, inadequate security measures, layoffs and extortion.

In our schools, the dictates of the state and of capital are the voices of discipline in the barbarity of our times, the telling of the treacherous history of submission to the powerful, the voices of nationalism and intolerance, the erasure of the memory of each moment of social war. Their aim is to create a new generation of disciplined slaves, always eager to enter the line of capitalist production without consciousness of their role. Without a trace of substantive knowledge of the history of the struggles and uprisings against states and their powers. Accepting their peaceful coexistence with those responsible for poverty and wars. Acknowledging that the struggle is futile and capitalism is the winner of history.
(more…)

Tags: , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Bristol: Arms company Babcock attacked in sabotage action (UK)

Saturday, December 21st, 2019

FR: Bristol (UK) : Sabotage chez l’entreprise d’armements Babcock

The war machine is in operation 24/7. Despite the night shift at Babcock in Long Ashton, we snuck over the fence and damaged a fuel tank that forms part of their heating system.

Babcock are the second biggest contractor to the Ministry of Defence in the UK. They have 4 premises in Bristol alone. They specialise in the navy and nuclear industries. We hope our small act will show how many different ways it is possible to resist, without voting!

This “prison island” will continue whoever is prime minister. We reject all politicians and have only contempt for those who buy their lies and cheap promises.

To those who forget the many aspects of control and repression used in the social war, and buy into Labour’s hype by focusing only on the National Health Service… we laugh at you in the darkness, and angrily ask…. Do you remember Iraq?

Solidarity with those on the streets in the Green Zone in Baghdad, and belated greetings to everyone who rebelled on the International Day of Action for Rojava 14th December.

Tags: , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Athens, Greece: ¡No Pasarán! Anarchists React to the Eviction of Kouvelou Squat

Thursday, December 19th, 2019

From Anarchists Worldwide:

Athens, Greece: The Greek government has gone into war with anarchists and anti authoritarians, following the end of a 15 days ultimatum issued by the Ministry of “Public Order”, towards the dozens of political and refugee squats across Greece (some of them more than 30 years old), threatening them with violent evictions by the riot police and police special forces, if they did not evacuate within the deadline. The deadline ended on Thursday night on the 5th of December 2019, a political decision by the Greek State aiming to agitate and create an “explosive atmosphere”.

Following the first wave of attacks and evictions, mainly against squats housing refugees during the fall, the second wave of attacks has just begun, this time against political squats and social centers. Coinciding with the arrest of antifascists and the proposed judicial acquittal of Neo Nazi leaders in the Golden Dawn trial, the right wing Greek government and its self proclaimed socialist Minister of Public Order have proceeded with the eviction of “Kouvelou Mansion” Squat in Marousi, Athens on Tuesday 17 December, while another three squats have been evicted today December 18th, in Koukaki, Athens, following a massive police operation, that terrorized a whole neighborhood with police brutality, attacking people living in adjoining houses that were no squats. Brutal images of Greek SWAT policemen having their boots on people’s heads on the ground and a mother bound on the floor of her terrace with a hood on her head, reminiscing of Abu Ghraib torture images, have been circulated in the media.

While this info text is being written it has become known that at about 22:00 today 18 December, people attacked shops and banks near the main square of Athens at Syntagma, while also the Christmas tree at Exarcheia Square in Athens has been set on fire [Note from Anarchists Worldwide: see second video]. While the Greek government has proclaimed that more than 20 squats, just in Athens, will be violently evicted until the end of 2019, the police attacks seems like the match that will put fire in an already explosive situation during Christmas and New Year’s festivities.

Tags: , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Berlin, Germany: Attack Against Deutsche Telekom & Nissan – From Berlin to Greece & Worldwide…

Sunday, December 15th, 2019

In the morning hours of 13th of December we set fire to five company cars and one radio antenna on the Deutsche Telekom premises at Hannemannstraße in Berlin-Britz as well as to two cars in front of the Nissan car dealership at Gärtnerstraße in Berlin-Alt-Hohenschönhausen.

Our attacks are aimed at two companies that are globally involved in securing the rule of power and enriching themselves by it, including in Greece, where the current government is threatening to evict all occupied houses and social centers and where those who do not allow themselves to be pushed into the neoliberal norm are subject to massive attacks by the state:

Deutsche Telekom, as the biggest European company for Telecommunications, which, profiting from the crisis, bought parts of the former state company Hellenic Telecommunications Organization S.A. (Greek: OTE A.E.) and is now a 45% shareholder. With its subsidiary T-Systems, the Deutsche Telekom is worldwide leading in service for security authorities, industry and the energy sector.

Nissan, as a company, which supplies the Greek repression authorities. In June 2019 four Nissan Qashqai Diesel 4×4 and two Nissan Navara for the Criminal Investigation Unit (Δ.Ε.Ε. Διεύθυνση Εγκληματολογικών Ερευνών – forensic division) as well as one Nissan NV400 for the anti-riotcops (M.A.T. – Μονάδες Αποκατάστασης Τάξης – Monades Apokatastasis Taxis) were ceremonially granted to the cops in front of their academy in Amygdaleza, in the north of Athens.

We chose this moment because it was in December 2008, when the assassination of Alexis by the cop Korkoneas in Exarchia, Athens, triggered a social revolt that was accompanied by a multitude of international attacks on the symbols of state and capital and their murderous functionaries.

11 years later, living conditions have not improved either here or there. Rather, the social war is intensifying worldwide. The gap between rich and poor continues to widen. The triumphant march of neoliberalism produces a mass of excluded people who are denied the possibility of social participation. Expelled and parked on the margins of the metropolis or in slums, they are declared enemies, who should be monitored and oppressed. Walls and fences, private security services, intelligent cameras and highly equipped police units are the clearest expression of an increasingly militarized territory in which, under the disguise of security, war is being waged against the poor.

New technologies and the associated digital access to our lives enable new and more subtle techniques of governance. The thousands and thousands of data that are produced every day are intended to make any action calculable and controllable. With Predictive Policing, the foresighted cop, a tool was created that sorts people according to stereotypes and thus creates the criminals of the future. Such technologies are embedded in the restructuring of cities into Smart Cities, the implementation of which companies such as Deutsche Telekom are constantly working on with 5G infrastructure projects or smart traffic systems, lanterns, waste management and much more. However, this is by no means to enable a better life for all, but to enable the totalitarian idea of comprehensive control of the city and its population through practical solutions.

The technological attack is so successful because humans are actually collective beings. Part of the neo-liberal agenda was and is the destruction of this very collectivity in order to reassemble it in line with the market through digital domination. Driven by the fear of being excluded, even outlawed, and by the supposed joys that Virtual Reality has to offer us, we ourselves weave on the net that encloses us. The state of isolation in the cities or the disregard of rural communities leads many into the arms of the constructed national community and therefore parties like the AfD get a influx of followers. Fighting the rise of fascism by integrating ideas of solidarity and collectivity into social struggles, is therefore certainly a task for the coming time.

As it is happening in other countries at the moment, the abolished leftist government in Greece has prepared the ground for the new rise of a right-wing conservative regime. The past phase of Syriza’s government should have clearly demonstrated to those in doubt that participation in power must fulfill the conditions of capitalist constraints and that no emancipatory project can stand on democratic parliamentary feet. To name these contradictions, to reject any domination by others, not to compromise and not to recognize the authority of a hostile system are part of the anarchist idea.

We feel connected with the rebels worldwide, who are currently in many different places in the world, especially where the state-social partnership is not developed to the smallest detail, those who let the sparks of resistance grow into a widespread fire of social uprising. While in Athens self-organized and revolutionary structures are being defended and state and capital being attacked, we are fighting the same struggle here, in which we aim at the profiteers of capitalist domination. We do this with the consciousness that the infrastructure and the flow of goods are elementary components of it. We send our flaming greetings especially to those who fight against the regime of Nea Demokratia in Greece as well as worldwide to all those people who revolt against authority, are in prison for it or who have to flee.

Anarchists

via Deutschland Indymedia, Anarchists Worldwide.

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Melbourne, Australia: Action Against Turkish Military Supplier Trakka Corp in Solidarity with Rojava

Sunday, December 15th, 2019

From Anarchists Worldwide:

In the early morning hours of December 14th, 2019, the International Day of Action for Rojava, we paid a visit to the offices of local war profiteers, Trakka Corp/Trakka Systems, in Moorabin, south-east Melbourne, to let them know that their greed-driven collaboration with the fascist Turkish State’s war machine has not gone unnoticed.

In August 2019, Trakka Systems were contracted by Sikorsky, a Lockheed Martin company, to supply “cutting edge, high intensity, multi-mission Trakka Beam A800 searchlights” for their Black Hawk helicopters, including the Sikorsky TAI (Turkish Aerospace Industries) variant destined for use by the fascist Turkish Armed Forces in their ongoing invasion and occupation of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (Rojava).

As a small contribution to the International Day of Action for Rojava we decided to take direct action against Trakka Systems to express our solidarity with the people of Rojava and their internationalist comrades who, since October 9th, 2019, have courageously resisted the genocidal occupation plans of Erdoğan’s fascist forces. We also carried out this action to highlight the shameless activities of capitalist vultures like Trakka Corp / Trakka Systems, one of many companies operating within so-called Australia who willingly collaborate with war-mongering authoritarian regimes for profit. Not only do Trakka Systems do business with the Turkish Armed Forces, they are also in bed with other international military and police forces such as those of Israel, Indonesia and the US, who they supply with the latest in ‘Critical Vision Technology’.

Finally, we hope that our small action contributes in some way towards a revival of militant, targeted direct action and sabotage in so-called Australia.

Biji Rojava!
Death to Turkish State Fascism!
Death to War Profiteers!
Long Live International Solidarity!

– Anarchists

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Anarchists attacked a mobile operator in Kiev (Ukraine)

Sunday, December 15th, 2019

Posted on December 10, 2019. Note A2DAY: Ukrainian media, citing the police, report that on December 10 the tower of the operator Vodafone, not Lifecell, was burned in Kiev. A2DAY: “Makhnovists” affinity-group confirmed that due to the mistake tower of another operator was attacked.

Сommuniqué:

In the night of December 10 a group of anarchists burned down the cell tower of Lifecell operator settled by the crossroad of Hostomel road and Big Ring Road in Kyiv. Lifecell is owned by the Turkish company Turkcell. This company is the participant of aggression of Erdogan’s regime against the people’s self-government in Kurdistan. The latest episode of its criminal politics is the invasion of Turkish army into the Democratic Federation of Northern and Eastern Syria (Rojava) in October 2019.

Turkcell constructs its towers in the areas of Syria occupied by the Turkish government as it happened in Afrin, Shahba and Idlib. This mobile network which is under control of Ankara authorities appears in every place invaded by Erdogan’s soldiers. Kurdish guerillas destroy Turkcell towers — we are proud to take the torchlight of the struggle from their hands. Revolutionary resistance and solidarity lie beyond state borders and national boundaries.

We performed an attack against Lifecell/Turkcell also as the response to the violent incident which took place in front of Embassy of Turkey in Ukraine. On October 11 anarchists and people from Kurdish community organized the peaceful demonstration against the aggression of the Turkish state. Embassy workers have attacked demonstrators and smashed a face of one of the female comrades participated in the event. Violence should not be left without a response.

Freedom to the peoples — death to the Empires!

Makhnovists

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action

Madrid, Spain: Attack against Carsharing – Against the Smartcity

Thursday, December 12th, 2019

On a monotonous working morning, some lovers of the Smartcity and the hypocrisy of clean energy, with their brain intoxicated by apps, had to walk a long way before they could find a car…

During the previous night and under the cover of the fog, ten machines on the car sharing circuit were attacked in several areas of a neighborhood in Madrid.

Against technology, against the State and the Smart-zombie world!
Long live anarchy!

Some Friends of Ludd

via Anarquia.

Tags: , , , , ,
Posted in Direct Action